Disability is an impairment that may be physical, cognitive, intellectual, mental, sensory, developmental, or some combination of these that results in restrictions on an individual’s ability to participate in what is considered “normal” in their everyday society. A disability may be present from birth or occur during a person’s lifetime.
Disabilities is an umbrella term, covering impairments, activity limitations, and participation restrictions. An impairment is a problem in body function or structure; an activity limitation is a difficulty encountered by an individual in executing a task or action; while a participation restriction is a problem experienced by an individual in involvement in life situations. Disability is thus not just a health problem. It is a complex phenomenon, reflecting the interaction between features of a person’s body and features of the society in which he or she lives.
Disability is a contested concept, with different meanings for different communities. It may be used to refer to physical or mental attributes that some institutions, particularly medicine, view as needing to be fixed (the medical model). It may refer to limitations imposed on people by the constraints of an ableist society (the social model). Or the term may serve to refer to the identity of people with disabilities.
The discussion over disability’s definition arose out of disability activism in the U.S. and U.K. in the 1970s, which challenged how the medical concept of disability dominated perception and discourse about disabilities. Debates about proper terminology and their implied politics continue in disability communities and the academic field of disability studies. In some countries, the law requires that disabilities are documented by a healthcare provider in order to assess qualifications for disability benefits.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Found News (2)
News 2021 April 26
Rai wins the Digital Diversity Brand Award 2021 for inclusion thanks to the Rai Virtual LIS platform developed by CRITS
Mauro Rossini - Carmen Marino - Andrea Del Principe
Rai is the winner of the Diversity Brand Awards 2021.
Rai wins the “Digital Diversity Brand Awards 2021” thanks to the Virtual LIS – Didactics Platform, an important award that rewards attention to technological innovation in the filed of accessibility and social inclusion. The Virtual LIS – Didactics platform, developed by the Rai Centre for Research Technological Innovation and Experimentation (CRITS), allows to generate contents in sign language using avatars for new applications in didactic and cultural contexts.
News 2017 July 11
Salone del Libro TURIN 2017: Crit on Lingotto Rai stand
Team e-Inclusion Project
An innovative project aimed at the inclusion of people with disabilities to create an accessible museum path at the Museum of Radio and Television of Turin has presented at Lingotto.