Disability is an impairment that may be physical, cognitive, intellectual, mental, sensory, developmental, or some combination of these that results in restrictions on an individual’s ability to participate in what is considered “normal” in their everyday society. A disability may be present from birth or occur during a person’s lifetime.
Disabilities is an umbrella term, covering impairments, activity limitations, and participation restrictions. An impairment is a problem in body function or structure; an activity limitation is a difficulty encountered by an individual in executing a task or action; while a participation restriction is a problem experienced by an individual in involvement in life situations. Disability is thus not just a health problem. It is a complex phenomenon, reflecting the interaction between features of a person’s body and features of the society in which he or she lives.
Disability is a contested concept, with different meanings for different communities. It may be used to refer to physical or mental attributes that some institutions, particularly medicine, view as needing to be fixed (the medical model). It may refer to limitations imposed on people by the constraints of an ableist society (the social model). Or the term may serve to refer to the identity of people with disabilities.
The discussion over disability’s definition arose out of disability activism in the U.S. and U.K. in the 1970s, which challenged how the medical concept of disability dominated perception and discourse about disabilities. Debates about proper terminology and their implied politics continue in disability communities and the academic field of disability studies. In some countries, the law requires that disabilities are documented by a healthcare provider in order to assess qualifications for disability benefits.
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Elements tagged with this term (7)
Seminario "Museo for all"
Udine, 13 giugno 2019Il Museo Archeologico di Udine, nell’ambito del progetto europeo Interreg Central Europe COME-IN!, organizza tre seminari formativi sulle tematiche dell’accessibilità museale. Il Centro...
Seminario "Comunicare e Innovare: Azioni per l'Inclusione"
Teramo, 11 marzo 2019L’Università degli Studi di Teramo ha promosso una serie di eventi dal titolo: “Kraino: essere voce e non eco”. All’interno del percorso il giorno 11 Marzo è previsto il...
Giornata Internazionale delle persone con disabilità
The Rai Radio and Television Museum will host the conference “Rai Cultural Spaces – Research, Aspirations and Opportunities” on 3 December 2018, for the International Day of People...
NOTTE DEI RICERCATORI 2018
Creativity, Culture, CommunicationOn the occasion of the EUROPEAN NIGHT of RESEARCHERS, 28 September 2018, RAI will participate in the “Researchers’ Night” in Alessandria, organized by Abilitando Association, with...